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Le Père et moi, nous sommes UN

Posté par diaconos le 5 mai 2020

Jean 10:28-30

De l’Évangile de Jésus Christ selon saint Jean

On célébrait la fête de la dédicace du Temple à Jérusalem. C’était l’hiver. Jésus allait et venait dans le Temple, sous la colonnade de Salomon. Les Juifs firent cercle autour de lui ; ils lui disaient : « Combien de temps vas-tu nous tenir en haleine ? Si c’est toi le Christ, dis-le nous ouvertement ! » Jésus leur répondit : « Je vous l’ai dit, et vous ne croyez pas.

Les œuvres que je fais, moi, au nom de mon Père, voilà ce qui me rend témoignage. Mais vous, vous ne croyez pas,  parce que vous n’êtes pas de mes brebis. Mes brebis écoutent ma voix ; moi, je les connais, et elles me suivent. Je leur donne la vie éternelle : jamais elles ne périront, et personne ne les arrachera de ma main.

Mon Père, qui me les a données, est plus grand que tout, et personne ne peut les arracher de la main du Père. Le Père et moi, nous sommes UN. »  (Jn 10, 22-30)

 Jésus à la fête de la dédicace

Cette fête, ap­pe­lée en hé­breu et en grec Rénovation, Inauguration, Dédicace, avait été ins­ti­tuée par Ju­das Macchabée, en sou­ve­nir de la res­tau­ra­tion du temple et de l’au­tel, après qu’An­tio­chus Épi­phane les eut pro­fa­nés. On la cé­lé­brait du­rant huit jours, à da­ter du 25 du mois de Kis­leu,  correspondant au mois de dé­cembre:  » Le peuple entier se prosterna pour adorer, puis il fit monter la louange vers le Ciel qui l’avait conduit au succès. » ( 1 Ma 4, 55) et aussi Jo­sèphe Antiquités Juives, XII, 7, 8).

Cette fête étant d’ins­ti­tu­tion hu­maine, il n’y avait pas, pour les Juifs, la même obli­ga­tion d’y as­sis­ter qu’aux autres so­len­ni­tés re­li­gieuses. Mais Jé­sus se confor­ma vo­lon­tiers à tout ce qu’il y eut de bon et de louable dans les mœurs de son peuple, et il prit cette oc­ca­sion pour adres­ser à ce­lui-ci un dernier ap­pel, avant la Pâque.

Ce fut l’hiver, Jésus prononça le dis­cours  sous le portique de Salomon  et non en plein air. Entre la fête des ta­ber­nacles  où eurent lieu les discussions précédentes et celle de la dé­di­cace, deux mois s’écoulèrent. Après la fête des ta­ber­nacles, Jé­sus re­tourna en Ga­li­lée. Il rap­por­ta de Jé­ru­sa­lem la convic­tion que ses ap­pels aux au­to­ri­tés théo­cra­tiques furent re­pous­sés, que sa mort fut in­évi­table et pro­chaine.

Sous cette im­pres­sion, il prit congé de cette pro­vince qui fut le prin­ci­pal champ de son ac­ti­vité. Il ef­fec­tua ensuite le dé­part so­len­nel dont le ré­cit de Luc a mar­qué le ca­rac­tère tra­gique : « Comme s’accomplissait le temps où il allait être enlevé au ciel, Jésus, le visage déterminé, prit la route de Jérusalem. » (Lc 9, 1)

Il s’a­che­mina len­te­ment vers Jé­ru­sa­lem, évan­gé­li­sant la Ga­li­lée mé­ri­dio­nale et la Pé­rée. Il fit une courte ap­pa­ri­tion à Jé­ru­sa­lem, à la fête de la dédicace, puis il re­tourna en Pé­rée, où il resta Jus­qu’aux ap­proches de la Pâque. Le portique de Salomon, si­tué dans la par­tie orien­tale du temple, futt, se­lon Jo­sèphe (Antiquités Juives, XX, 9, 7), la seule por­tion de l’an­cien édi­fice qui fût res­tée de­bout lors de sa des­truc­tion sous Né­bu­cad­net­sar.

Ce lieu fut cher au sou­ve­nir des chré­tiens  :  »L’homme ne lâchait plus Pierre et Jean. Tout le peuple accourut vers eux au Portique dit de Salomon. Les gens étaient stupéfaits. » (Ac 3, 11) 

Jé­sus trouva au fond du cœur de ses ad­ver­saires la cause de leur in­cré­du­lité : « Vous ne croyez pas, parce que vous n’êtes pas de mes brebis, et la preuve que vous n’en êtes pas, c’est que mes brebis me connaissent et entendent ma voix »  Les ca­rac­tères que Jé­sus re­leva de nou­veau chez ses bre­bis dirent as­sez aux ad­ver­saires qu’ils n’en furent pas.

Cha­cune de ces trois dé­cla­ra­tions ré­vèle l’a­mour de Jésus et fonda la par­faite as­su­rance de ses bre­bis. Il ne dit pas : « Je leur donnerai, mais je leur donne dès main­te­nant, la vie éternelle. »  

Diacre Michel Houyoux

Liens avec d’autres titres chrétiens sur Unternet

◊  Amaury Bertram, diacre   Le Père et moi, nous sommes UN

◊ Paroisse du Bon-Pasteur de Sherbrooke  : cliquez ici pour lire l’aticle → Le Père et Moi, nous sommes un (Jean 10, 11-18)

Le Père et moi, nous sommes Un : Le Bon Pasteur / Abbé Pierre Desroches à Victoriaville

Image de prévisualisation YouTube

Publié dans Enseignement, Religion, Temps pascal | Pas de Commentaire »

Fifth Easter Sunday – Year A

Posté par diaconos le 5 mai 2020

I am the way, the truth and the life


Fifth Easter Sunday - Year A dans Enseignement the+way+the+truth+and+the+life+John+14+6

Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint John

At that time, Jesus said to his disciples: « Do not be troubled in your hearts: you believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father’s house, There are many mansions; otherwise, would I have said to you, ‘I am going to prepare a place for you’? When I have gone away to prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to me, so that where I am, you too may be where I am.

To go where I am going, you know the way. Thomas said to him : « ‘Lord, we do not know where you are going. How could we know the way ?  » Jesus replied :  « I am the Way, the Truth and the Life ; no one goes to the Father unless he passes through me. Since you know me, you will also know my Father. From now on you know him, and you have seen him. « 

Philip said to him : « Lord, show us the Father ; that is enough for us. «  Jesus answered him : « I have been with you so long, and you do not know me, Philip. He that has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?     Don’t you believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me ?

The words that I say to you I do not speak of myself ; the Father who dwells in me does his own works. Believe me : I am in the Father, and the Father is in me; if you do not believe me, believe at least because of the works themselves.     Amen, amen, I say unto you : He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do. He will do even greater works, because I am going to the Father. (Jn 14, 1-12)

The house of the Father

Interrupted by Peter in his farewell discourse, Jesus rebuked him with the same tenderness for his disciples. He made it clear to them that he was going to leave them (which already filled them with sadness ; the prediction of Peter’s denial.  Jesus answered : « You will lay down your life for me ! Verily, verily, I say unto thee, the cock shall not crow, except thou deny me thrice. (Jn 13,:38), who followed the statement that one of them would betray him. When Jesus had thus spoken, his spirit was troubled, and he expressly said :  ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me. « (Jn 13, 21)

Jesus dismayed them with this statement, causing them anxiety and anguish, and their hearts were troubled. Jesus read this trouble on their faces, and he felt for them more deeply than he did for himself.  To console them, he urged them to trust him and developed the perspective that he had just opened before them in this reply to Peter. Simon Peter said to him :  « Lord, where are you going ?  » Jesus answered :  « You cannot now follow me where I am going, but you will follow me later.  » (John 13, 36).

To grasp the strength of the words that Jesus spoke to the troubled disciples, it is important to remember that faith is a full trust of the heart. We could therefore translate it as follows. Trust in God, trust also in me. The God of your fathers who, fulfilling his promises, founded his kingdom in this world by giving him a Saviour; in me, on whom the whole future of this kingdom rested. This twofold trust dispelled the trouble in your heart. What keenly struck the disciples was that Jesus asked them to have the same religious confidence in him as they had in God.

 Here you clearly see that Christ speaks of Himself as being equal to Almighty God, since He wants us to believe in Him as we believe in God. If it were not true God with the Father, this faith would be an error and idolatry. For the heart of man must place his faith and trust only in God alone. (Luther)

After exhorting his disciples to trust, Jesus wanted them to feel that they did not grieve at his departure, since in the house of his Father where he is going there is a secure place for them of permanent abode, where one breathes the peace and love of the communion of the Father. Impossible to express with greater simplicity, assurance, and happiness the idea of this eternal kingdom of God, where thousands of angels created for his glory and other thousands of saved sinners, who have reached perfection, dwell. And there, however, « there is still room. » The servant came back and said to him :  » Master, what you have commanded is done, and there is still room. » (Lk 14, 22)

It was a consoling thought for the disciples. This expression: many mansions reveal the immensity of divine mercy, thanks to which there is room for all in the house of the Father. If there were not many mansions in the house of his Father, Jesus would have told them.

After affirming the existence of the Father’s house where their place would be prepared, Jesus added for his disciples the After exhorting his disciples to trust, Jesus wanted them to feel that they did not grieve at his departure, since in the house of his Father where he is going there is a secure place for them of permanent abode, where one breathes the peace and love of the communion of the Father. Impossible to express with greater simplicity, assurance, and happiness the idea of this eternal kingdom of God, where thousands of angels created for his glory and other thousands of saved sinners, who have reached perfection, dwell. And there, however, « there is still room. » The servant came back and said to him, « Master, what you have commanded is done, and there is still room. » (Lk 14:22)

It was a consoling thought for the disciples. This expression: many mansions reveal the immensity of divine mercy, thanks to which there is room for all in the house of the Father. If there were not many mansions in the house of his Father, Jesus would have told them.

After affirming the existence of the Father’s house where their place would be prepared, Jesus added for his disciples the promise to come back and take them to him, so that where he is, there they may also be forever. To them, who loved their Master and were troubled at the thought of his departure, this was the supreme consolation: « If any man will serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there also shall my servant be. If any man serve me, my Father will honor him. « (Jn 12:26)

Jesus had made it clear to his disciples where he was going: « In my Father’s house are many mansions; otherwise would I have said to you, ‘I am going to prepare a place for you?  « (Jn 14:2); and Jesus constantly presented himself to them as the way, the only mediator between God and their souls. So they could know both the goal and the way.

But Peter’s question: « Simon Peter said to him, ‘Lord, where are you going? « Jesus answered him, « Where I am going, you cannot follow me now; you will follow me later. « (Jn 13:36) » and Thomas’ objection show that this knowledge was very obscure. Therefore Jesus wanted to provoke in them, by these words, reflection on the great thoughts which he expressed.

Thomas was that positive man who admitted only on the basis of clear evidence and was therefore inclined to doubt, to discouragement   « Thomas, called Didymus (that is, Twin), said to the other disciples, ‘Let us also go and die with him! « (Jn 11:16) He interrupted Jesus, saying that he did not know the place where Jesus would go, nor therefore the way to get there. After Jesus’ last words, he knew more than he wanted to say, but he did not believe him.

Jesus had made it clear to his disciples where he was going : « In my Father’s house are many mansions; otherwise would I have said to you, ‘I am going to prepare a place for you?  « (Jn 14, 2) ; and Jesus constantly presented himself to them as the way, the only mediator between God and their souls. So they could know both the goal and the way.

But Peter’s question. Simon Peter said to him ;  » Lord, where are you going ?  » Jesus answered him :  » Where I am going, you cannot follow me now; you will follow me later. « (Jn 13, 36) » and Thomas’ objection show that this knowledge was very obscure. Therefore Jesus wanted to provoke in them, by these words, reflection on the great thoughts which he expressed.

Thomas was that positive man who admitted only on the basis of clear evidence and was therefore inclined to doubt, to discouragement :  » Thomas, called Didymus (that is, Twin), said to the other disciples, ‘Let us also go and die with him! « (Jn 11, 16) He interrupted Jesus, saying that he did not know the place where Jesus would go, nor therefore the way to get there. After Jesus’ last words, he knew more than he wanted to say, but he did not believe him.

Reason always looks far away for what the word of God presents to it nearby. Thus Martha relegated the hope of her brother’s resurrection to the distant future, and Jesus said to her: « I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live » (Jn 11:25). Thomas pretended to be unaware of the way and had it before his eyes, and Jesus had to confirm it: « I am the way. »

Jesus is so inasmuch as he is the complete revelation of God himself, that truth which we must make our own in order to be saved. He is therefore life itself, because he is for the believer the unique source of the life of the soul, of eternal life: « The bread which comes down from heaven is such that he who eats it will not die. The bread that comes down from heaven is such that he who eats it will not die » (Jn 6:50); so much so that whoever does not draw this life from it remains in death.

From these premises comes this absolute sentence which is self-understood after such words: No one comes to the Father except through me. Jesus affirmed to them that after the profound instruction they received, they knew the Father and that they saw in him.

The disciples no doubt had only the first rudiments of this knowledge, but there was great pedagogical wisdom in encouraging them in this way, supposing that they had received more light than they had received ; and besides, the divine Word which Jesus then poured out into their souls remained there as the life-giving principle of the knowledge which they still lacked.

And so it was that he spoke to them John : « But you are already cleansed through the word which I have spoken to you. (Jn 15, 3) Jesus’ words : You have seen him, understood by Philip as if God could exist for him beside or outside the Savior, inspired in him the desire to see an extraordinary theophany or revelation of God, as Moses asked : « Moses said, ‘Please let me contemplate your glory.  « (Exodus 33, 18) ; and he naively expressed this desire to Jesus. This is enough for us, » he added, « we will no longer have any doubt that the Father is fully revealed through you.

It was with sadness that Jesus reproached his disciple for not having known him, in spite of all the experiences he had had with him for so long. He affectionately called his name Philip to invite him to reflect on the request he had just made to him : « He who has seen Jesus has seen the Father », who is holiness and love, and of whom Jesus was the perfect manifestation on earth. »

Philip asked to see, and Jesus urged him to believe. It was only by faith that he was able to penetrate that mystery of the absolute unity of the Father and the Son which would enable him to see the Father in the Son. And these words of Jesus together express the intimate unity of essence and the living and active mutual relationship between the Father and the Son, and Jesus proved this by declaring that it was the Father who spoke and acted in him.

The words and works of Jesus, these words are spirit and life : « It is the spirit that gives life; the flesh is capable of nothing. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life. « (Jn 6, 63), these works of divine power and divine love are the unquestionable demonstration that the Father was in him, speaking and acting through him.

Not one of his words that he draws from himself. Not one of his works that God Himself does not work through him. Not one of his own wisdom, nothing. By the power of God, everything !

Deacon Michel Houyoux

                                           ♣  You can add a note about this article in the box underneath this paper: « Laisser un commentaire (Leave a Comment) »

Links to other Christian websites on the Internet

◊ Father Hanly : click here to read the paper → Homily for 5th Sunday of Easter, Year A

◊ Got questions : click here to read the paper →  What did Jesus mean when He said, “I am the way » ?

Father Michael – Homily « I am the way the truth and the life. »

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Publié dans Enseignement, Histoire du Salut, La messe du dimanche, Religion, Temps pascal | Pas de Commentaire »

 

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