Assumption of the Virgin Mary – Solemnity

Posté par diaconos le 11 août 2021

C'est quoi l'Assomption ? - Ça m'intéresse

# The Assumption of Mary, which is called dormancy in the Eastern tradition, is the Orthodox and Catholic religious belief that the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus, did not die like everyone else, but entered directly into the glory of God (which is commonly translated as « ascending into heaven »). The expression « having completed the course of her earthly life » used by the Pope leaves open the question of whether the Virgin Mary died before her Assumption, or whether she rose before death.

. The belief has no scriptural basis but is very old in the Tradition of both Eastern and Western Churches (and has been liturgically celebrated since the 8th century), and was defined as a religious dogma (i.e. a truth of Christian faith) by Pius XII’s Apostolic Constitution Munificentissimus Deus in 1950. It is the first, and so far the only, declaration that makes use of papal infallibility after the proclamation of infallibility by the First Vatican Council.

Although the Eastern Churches share the same belief in the Assumption, they have never wanted to define the Dormition in dogmatic terms. In the Catholic Church, the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is celebrated liturgically in a solemn manner on 15 August and is often accompanied by religious processions. In the Anglican calendar, the feast of the Assumption disappeared in 1549 but 15 August remained the main feast of the Virgin Mary (without reference to her Assumption).

The date 15 August is said to be the date of the consecration in Jerusalem of the first church dedicated to Mary, ‘mother of Jesus, son of God’, in the fifth century, after the Council of Ephesus (431). Before becoming a dogma, the Assumption of Mary was a belief based on patristic tradition and not on any scriptural basis recognised by the early Church. In fact, there is no New Testament text mentioning Mary’s end, and apocryphal texts and legends filled the gap.

In 373 [AD], St Ephrem mentions the concept that Mary’s body remained intact after her death, i.e. untouched by the « impurity » of death (the Torah being « a Torah of life », death and those who carry it are considered impure, for all). In the fourth century, Epiphanius of Salamis considered several hypotheses about what happened to Mary at the end of her life. He concludes that it is impossible to say, but leaves open the possibility that some heterodox circles, according to him, knew more. Since there is a written tradition already in the fifth century, it probably dates back to the fourth century. In the West, Gregory of Tours is the first to mention it, at the end of the sixth century.  He apparently relies on a corpus of apocryphal texts, collectively called Transitus Mariæ, which is generally attributed to the fifth century.

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They brought the ark of God and placed it in the middle of the tent that David had prepared for it

From the first book of Chronicles

-In those days David gathered all Israel together in Jerusalem to bring the ark of the Lord to the place prepared for it. He gathered the sons of Aaron and the Levites. The Levites carried the ark of God with poles on their shoulders, as Moses had commanded, according to the word of the Lord. David told the leaders of the Levites to arrange their brothers, the singers, with their instruments, harps, lyres, cymbals, to make a loud noise of joy.

So they brought the ark of God and placed it in the middle of the tent that David had set up for it. Then they offered holocausts and peace offerings before God. When David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord. ( 1 Ch 15:3-4.15-16; 16:1-2)

They brought the ark of God and placed it in the middle of the tent that David had prepared for it

Le mystère de l'Arche d'alliance

According to one of the biblical accounts, the Ark of the Covenant was made of acacia wood, covered inside and out with pure gold, and had a gold border all around it. Its dimensions were two and a half cubits long, one and a half cubits wide, and one and a half cubits high. It had four feet, on top of which were placed four golden rings. Bars of acacia wood covered with gold were passed through the rings to support it.

L'Arca dell'Alleanza (in ebraico אֲרוֹן הָעֵדוּת, Aron ha'Edout, "Arca della Testimonianza") sarebbe lo scrigno che, secondo la Bibbia, contiene le Tavole della Legge (dieci comandamenti) date a Mosè sul monte Sinai1. È una cassa di legno oblunga ricoperta d'oro. Il sedile della misericordia con due cherubini in cima, che forma il coperchio, è considerato il trono, la residenza terrena di YHWH (Esodo 25:22). Quando il tabernacolo fu completato, l'arca fu posta nel Santo dei Santi, la parte più centrale del Tempio di Salomone. (1 Re 8:1-8).

L’Arca dell’Alleanza (in ebraico אֲרוֹן הָעֵדוּת, Aron ha’Edout, « Arca della Testimonianza ») sarebbe lo scrigno che, secondo la Bibbia, contiene le Tavole della Legge (dieci comandamenti) date a Mosè sul monte Sinai1.
È una cassa di legno oblunga ricoperta d’oro. Il sedile della misericordia con due cherubini in cima, che forma il coperchio, è considerato il trono, la residenza terrena di YHWH (Esodo 25:22). Quando il tabernacolo fu completato, l’arca fu posta nel Santo dei Santi, la parte più centrale del Tempio di Salomone. (1 Re 8:1-8).

L’Arca dell’Alleanza

A lid (mercy seat) of pure gold was placed on it and its dimensions were two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide. Two cherubim of wrought gold stood at either end of the lid, their wings spread upwards, covering their chests, and their faces turned towards each other. The ark of the covenant, the rings, the bars, the mercy seat and the two cherubim were made according to this account, by Besel. He was the chief architect of the tabernacle, appointed directly by God to Moses.

His name appears in the genealogical lists in Chronicles. He is mentioned there as the son of Uri (Exodus 31:1), himself the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah. According to Pentecostalism, he is considered to be one of the first men to have encountered a manifestation of the Holy Spirit.

If we limit ourselves to the biblical texts, according to the canon of the Hebrew scriptures, it would seem that the Ark, after having resided for many years in Solomon’s temple, simply disappeared.

Pompey, a Roman general, testified that there was no longer an Ark in the second temple. He found the Holy of Holies completely empty. The most disparate hypotheses have been put forward: some thought that it had been hidden by the priests somewhere, in one of the underground tunnels of the Temple Mount, or in another place kept secret until the right moment for its reappearance, when the Third Temple was bu

His name appears in the genealogical lists in Chronicles. He is mentioned there as the son of Uri (Exodus 31:1), himself the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah. According to Pentecostalism, he is considered to be one of the first men to have encountered a manifestation of the Holy Spirit.

If we limit ourselves to the biblical texts, according to the canon of the Hebrew scriptures, it would seem that the Ark, after having resided for many years in Solomon’s temple, simply disappeared.

Pompey, a Roman general, testified that there was no longer an Ark in the second temple. He found the Holy of Holies completely empty. The most disparate hypotheses have been put forward: some thought that it had been hidden by the priests somewhere, in one of the underground tunnels of the Temple Mount, or in another place kept secret until the right moment for its reappearance, when the Third Temple was built.

Deacon Michel Houyoux

Links to other Christian websites

◊ Assumption of the Virgin Mary : clik here to read the paper → Doctrine

  Gospel Reflection for the Solemnity of the Assumption

Image de prévisualisation YouTube

 

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