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Vendredi de la deuxième Semaine du Temps Ordinaire — Année C

Posté par diaconos le 21 janvier 2022

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Deviens disciple du Christ dan ton milieu de vie

De l’évangile selon Marc

En ce temps-là, Jésus gravit la montagne, et il appela ceux qu’il voulait. Ils vinrent auprès de lui, et il en institua douze pour qu’ils soient avec lui et pour les envoyer proclamer la Bonne Nouvelle avec le pouvoir d’expulser les démons.  Donc, il établit les Douze : Pierre ; c’est le nom qu’il donna à Simon, Jacques, fils de Zébédée, et Jean, le frère de Jacques – il leur donna le nom de Boanerguès, c’est-à-dire : « Fils du tonnerre », André, Philippe, Barthélemy, Matthieu, Thomas, Jacques, fils d’Alphée, Thaddée, Simon le Zélote,    et Judas Iscariote, celui-là même qui le livra. (Mc 3, 13-19)

Être avec Jésus

Aucun des nombreux disciples de Jésus ne fut admis à l’apostolat, si ce ne fut par la volonté expresse de Jésus et le choix de celui-ci fut fondé sur la connaissance profonde qu’il avait d’eux. Aucun des nombreux disciples de Jésus ne fut admis à l’apostolat, si ce ne fut par la volonté expresse de Jésus et le choix de celui-ci fut fondé sur la connaissance profonde qu’il avait d’eux.

Être avec lui, devenir ainsi les témoins de tout son ministère, se pénétrer de sa parole et de ses enseignements, telle était la qualité requise de ceux qui devaient être ses envoyés. Plus tard seulement, il les envoya pour prêcher et pour exercer la puissance de chasser les démons. Ainsi, annoncer l’Évangile et par là détruire le royaume des ténèbres, telle fut la double action de l’apostolat.

Le nom Boanergès est la prononciation araméenne et provinciale des deux mots hébreux Bené Régesh, fils du tonnerre. Ce caractère une fois sanctifié par la grâce et par l’amour pour Jésus, fit de ces deux apôtres les plus puissants propagateurs du feu divin que Jésus était venu allumer sur la terre.

« Ce nom, dit Luther, rappelle en particulier que Jean devait écrire cet Évangile dont la prédication puissante est comme la voix du tonnerre qui trouble, agite, ébranle et rend la terre féconde. » (Luther)

Diacre Michel Houyoux

Liens avec d’autres sites web chrétiens

◊Père Gilbert Adam : cliquez ici pour lire l’article →  Vendredi de la 2e semaine, année paire

◊ Dom Armand Veilleux de l’Abbaye de Maredsous (Belgique) : cliquez ici pour lire l’article →  HOMÉLIE POUR SAMEDI LE 22 JANVIER 2022

♥ Pasteur Guy Gallifot : «  Être reconnu pour avoir été avec Jésus Christ »

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Publié dans Catéchèse, L'Église, Page jeunesse, Religion, Temps ordinaire | Pas de Commentaire »

Third Sunday in Ordinary Time – Year C

Posté par diaconos le 21 janvier 2022

aba9a6179ecf98c669fcba052e4defc7 Terza domenica del tempo ordinario dell'anno C dans Catéchèse

Jesus taught in the synagogue of the Jews

 All over the world, Christians of different faiths gather for moments of common prayer. They ask God to realise Christ’s most important wish on Holy Thursday evening: « That they may be one ». This problem of division among Christians was already present in the first communities. Many people claimed to be followers of this or that preacher. The three readings for this Sunday may help us to reflect on this issue of peace and unity.

Paul speaks to us of solidarity – doing your best for the common good. This is fundamental if we want to promote good relations between all people. In the Gospel, Jesus presents himself as the liberator, the one who comes « to bring good news to the poor, to proclaim liberty to the captives, to bring liberty to the oppressed, to proclaim a year of blessings from the Lord ». We are called to be united in diversity beyond our differences.

This week, to be concrete, let us take the time to get to know the other, the one who is different from me in his or her faith: let us make the effort to discover the faith and the way of thinking of a Christian from another denomination. It reminds the Corinthian communities, but also each one of us, of a fundamental truth: « You are the body of Christ ». Every baptised person is called.

The first reading is from the book of Neemia, chapter 8

Babylonian exile, all was lost and the return was not easy: the great problem of the return is the difficulty of getting along: between those who return to their homeland full of ideals and projects and those who have settled in the meantime, there is not a gap, but an abyss. It is not a gap, it is an abyss. The Gentiles have taken their place and their concerns are far removed from the many requirements of the Jewish law. Ezra and Nehemiah will therefore do everything to remedy the situation.

 The people must be relieved and morale restored. History In the seventh year of Artaxerxes I, king of Persia from 465 to 424 B.C., Ezra was commissioned by the king to go to Jerusalem to make a civil and religious survey of the condition of the Jewish community and to urge them to keep God’s law.

zra was one of the leaders of the Jews who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. He was a scribe who knew well the Law of Moses, which he studied and taught, and he was a descendant of Zadok and Phineas. He is the main character in the Book of Ezra and appears in Nehemiah’s account of his return from the Babylonian exile, from which the following is an excerpt. Nehemiah is a Jew, born in Babylon in the fifth century B.C., the protagonist and narrator of the Book of Nehemiah.

According to the biblical account, he became a donor to Artaxerus Longhi, king of Persia; he obtained permission from this ruler to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem (445 B.C.) and led part of the Jewish exiles to Judea after the first exile in Babylon. He founded the great synagogue and ruled the Jewish people with great wisdom until his death in 424 B.C. The second book known as Ezra is attributed to him.

To restore the unity of their community, Ezra and Nehemiah did not hold a lecture, but proposed a feast based on the word of God. All the people gathered as one in the square before the water gate. Ezra, the scribe, was asked to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the Lord had given to Israel. Ezra, the priest, brought the law before the assembly, consisting of men, women and all the children who could understand it.

It was the first day of the seventh month. Ezra read the book from early morning until late in the afternoon in the presence of the men, the women and all the children who could understand, and all the people listened to the reading of the law. The scribe Ezra stood on a wooden platform that was specially built for this purpose. Ezra opened the book; all the people could see it, for he towered over the assembly. When he opened the book, all the people stood up.

Then Ezra blessed the Lord, the great God, and all the people raised their hands and said : « Amen ! Amen ! «    Then they bowed down and worshipped the Lord with their faces to the ground. Ezra read a passage from the Book of the Law of God, after which the Levites translated it and gave the meaning. Nehemiah, the governor, Ezra, who was a priest and scribe, and the Levites who interpreted it, said to all the people : « This day is holy to the Lord your God! Do not weep, do not weep ! »

For they all wept when they heard the words of the law. And Ezra said unto them Go, eat good bread and drink good wine, and send a portion to them that have nothing ready. For this day is holy to our God! Do not be sad ; the joy of the Lord is your strength. In order to restore the unity of their community, Ezra and Nehemiah did not teach, but proposed a feast based on the word of God. All the people gathered as one in the square before the water gate.

Ezra, the scribe, was asked to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the Lord had given to Israel. Ezra, the priest, brought the law before the assembly, consisting of men, women and all the children who could understand it. It was the first day of the seventh month. Ezra read the book from early morning until late in the afternoon in the presence of the men, the women and all the children who could understand, and all the people listened to the reading of the law.

The scribe Ezra stood on a wooden platform that was specially built for this purpose. Ezra opened the book; all the people could see it, for he towered over the assembly. When he opened the book, all the people stood up.

It was the first day of the seventh month. Ezra read the book from early morning until late in the afternoon, in the presence of the men, the women and all the children who could understand, and all the people listened to the reading of the law. The scribe Ezra stood on a wooden platform that was specially built for this purpose. Ezra opened the book; all the people could see it, for he towered over the assembly. When he opened the book, all the people stood up.

Then Ezra blessed the Lord, the great God, and all the people raised their hands and said : « Amen 8Amen!  »Then they bowed down and worshipped the Lord with their faces to the ground. Ezra read a passage from the book of the Law of God, after which the Levites translated it and gave the meaning. Nehemiah, the governor, Ezra, who was a priest and scribe, and the Levites who interpreted it, said to all the people: « This day is holy to the Lord your God! Do not weep, do not weep !

For they all wept when they heard the words of the law. And Ezra said unto them, Go, eat good bread and drink good wine, and send a portion to them that have nothing ready. For this day is holy to our God! Do not be anxious; the joy of the Lord is your strength.

 Psalm 19, 8-10.15

Comment The map of the Lord is sure, who makes the simple wise » (first verse here): a way of saying that only God is wise; for us there is no need to believe that we are intelligent, let us just be led. And then the humble, daily practice of the law can gradually transform a whole nation. All that is needed is a humble, daily practice; it is within everyone’s reach.

Text The Lord’s law is perfect, it gives life; the Lord’s decree is sure, it makes the simple wise. The commandments of the Lord are sincere, they gladden the heart; the commandment of the Lord is clear, it enlightens the eye. The fear of the Lord is pure, it is forever; the decisions of the Lord are just, they are truly right. Receive the words of my mouth, the murmuring of my heart; let them come before thee, O Lord, my rock.

The second reading comes from the letter of the Apostle Paul

Commentary  This long development by Paul proves at least one thing, namely that the community in Corinth had exactly the same problems as we do. In order to teach his followers a lesson, Paul uses a procedure that works better than any speech; he uses a fable that everyone knew and adapts it to his purpose. This fable, which was in circulation in the time of Christ, was called : « The fable of the limbs and the stomach » (it is told in the Roman history of Livius).

 

One of the surprising points of this development is that he does not for a moment speak in terms of hierarchy or superiority! On the contrary, Paul insists on the respect due to all: simply because the highest dignity, the only one that counts, is to be a member, whoever he is, of the one body of Christ. Respect, in the etymological sense, is a matter of looking. In this passage, Paul gives us a wonderful lesson in respect: on the one hand, respect for diversity, and on the other, respect for the dignity of every human being, regardless of his function.

Text  Let us make a comparison: our body is one, but it has many members; and all the members, despite their number, form one body. So it is also with Christ. All of us, Jew or Gentile, slave or free, have been baptised in the one Spirit to form one body. We are all quenched in the one Spirit. The human body consists of several members, not just one.

The foot can say : « I am not the hand, therefore I am not part of the body » But it is still part of the body. The ear can say : « I am not part of the body. » But  is still part of the body. If there were only eyes in the body, how could we hear ? If there were only ears, how could we smell ? But in the body God has arranged the differe it : « I am not the eye, thereforent members as He wills. »  If there were only one, how could it be a body ?

So there are many members as well as one body. The eye cannot say to the hand  : « I do not need you »; the head cannot say to the feet : « I do not need you ». Moreover, the parts of the body that seem most vulnerable are indispensable.

 And those who are less decent we treat with more respect; those who are decent we treat with more decency; those who are decent we do not need. God has organised the body in such a way that we show more respect to that which is most lacking in respect : he has willed that there should be no divisions in the body, but that the various members should take care of each other. If one member suffers, all members share in his suffering; if one member is honoured, all share in his joy.

So there are many members as well as one body. The eye cannot say to the hand : « I do not need you »; the head cannot say to the feet : « I do not need you ». Moreover, the parts of the body that seem most vulnerable are indispensable.

 And those who are less decent we treat with more respect; those who are decent we treat with more decency; those who are decent we do not need. God has organised the body in such a way that we show more respect to that which is most lacking in respect: He has willed that there should be no divisions in the body, but that the various members should take care of each other. If one member suffers, all members share in his suffering; if one member is honoured, all share in his joy.

You are the body of Christ, and each of you, in his own way, is a member of that body. Among those whom God has thus placed in the Church, there are firstly the apostles, secondly the prophets, thirdly those charged with teaching, then those who perform miracles, those who possess the gift of healing, those charged with the care or guidance of the brethren, those who speak mysterious words.

When Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, his fame spread throughout the region. He taught in the synagogues of the Jews and all praised him. He came to Nazareth, where he had grown up. As was his custom, he went uncle to bring the glad tidings to the poor, to proclaim liberty to the captives and light to the blind, to free the oppressed, to proclaim a year.

Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Luke

Many have taken it upon themselves to compile an account of the events that took place among us, according to what has been handed down to us by those who were eyewitnesses from the beginning and ministers of the Word. Therefore I have also decided, after having collected accurate information about everything that has happened since the beginning, to write for you, excellent Theophilus, a follow-up report, so that you may see for yourself the correctness of the teaching you have heard.

At that time, as Jesus, in the power of the Spirit, returned to Galilee, his fame spread throughout the region. He taught in the synagogues, and everyone praised him. He came to Nazareth, where he had grown up. As was his custom, he entered the synagogue on the Sabbath and got up to read. He was given the book of the prophet Isaiah. He opened the book and found the passage where it says: he spirit of the Lord is upon me because the Lord has anointed me.

He has sent me to bring the Good News to the poor, and to the prisoners to set them free, and to the blind he has sent me to give them their sight, to free the oppressed, to proclaim a good year the Lord has granted. Jesus closed the book, gave it back to the servant and sat down. All the people in the synagogue had their eyes fixed on him. Then he began to say to them : « Today this passage of Scripture has been fulfilled which you have just heard. » (Lk 1, 1-4 ; 4, 14-21)

 Today this passage of Scripture has been fulfilled

Luke uses three expressions that clearly indicate the comprehensive and thorough nature of his work. The first two of these terms refer to the study of the sources from which he drew, the third to the nature of his exposition. He went back to the origins of things. He does not stop at the beginning of the ministry of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ; he goes back further, to the facts he relates in his first two chapters.

Starting from this origin, he followed all these things with accuracy. He studied them carefully, took a thorough knowledge of them, sought all the information and was not satisfied with the facts presented in the common preaching or gathered in the accounts mentioned in verse 1; he embraced all the facts as far as he could and examined them with the greatest accuracy to establish their historical truth.

 Finally, he wanted to present these facts in their order, as they succeeded each other; the expression occurs in the New Testament only in Luke, who always uses it in the sense of chronological succession. Luke dedicates his book to a person who, according to the title he gives it: very excellent. The only tradition that is somewhat plausible makes Theophilus a rich and powerful Christian from the city of Antioch.

Ministry of Jesus in Galilee

 » Since many have taken it upon themselves to compile an account of the facts, which have been fully explained among us  » (Lk 1,1) : This preface of Luke, so precise and clear in its brevity, so rich in thought, in the purest classical style and recalling the prologues of the great Greek historians (Herodotus, Thucydides, Polybius), teaches us that the evangelist had several predecessors, that the facts they reported and which he in turn is going to report, are based on the apostolic testimony; That he checked them carefully, and finally that his aim is to confirm the teaching he received from Theophilus, to whom he dedicates his writing.

His visit to Nazareth The lecture in the synagogue. In the synagogue on the Sabbath he reads the prophecy of Isaiah which announces him as the Deliverer . The sermon. Jesus shows that this prophecy is now fulfilled in his person. The effect of the speech. It arouses first admiration, then disbelief, because of the humble origins of the one who gives himself as Saviour. Jesus’ answer. Sensing their feelings, Jesus condemns them. He will not satisfy their desire to see miracles.

Their opposition does not surprise him: in his country no prophet is honoured. However, he warns them, citing two historical examples, that the benefits they reject will be given to others. The consequence of this threat is that their anger is aroused; they want to throw him down from the mountain on which their city is built. But Jesus goes through them. Wherever there was a small group of Jews, even in Gentile lands and to the farthest corners of the empire, there was a synagogue, which served as a place of meeting and worship. Under the general direction of the elders, the synagogue was governed by special officials: one or more « rulers of the synagogue » (Mark 5:22), a servant or messenger (verse 20) who also served as a schoolmaster. The synagogue was a rectangular building whose entrance was marked by a Greek portico.

 When the building was large, the interior was divided into naves by rows of columns. At the back, on a raised floor, was the sacred cabinet that contained the manuscripts of the Scriptures. Every Sabbath there was a worship meeting. It began with a liturgical prayer, recited by a member of the congregation appointed by the chairman, who was also responsible for reading the pericope from the prophets.

The congregation listened standing, facing Jerusalem, and responded with an amen. Then the law was read aloud, by seven members, with verbal commentary. Then an assistant read an excerpt from the prophets and added a few words : he stood to read but sat to speak. After the final blessing, the congregation withdrew..

Every Sabbath there was a worship service together

Every Sabbath there was a worship meeting. It began with a liturgical prayer, recited by a member of the congregation appointed by the chairman, who was also responsible for reading the pericope from the prophets. The congregation listened standing, facing Jerusalem, and responded with an amen. Then the law was read aloud, by seven members, with verbal commentary. Then an assistant read an excerpt from the prophets and added a few words: he stood to read but sat to speak (verse 20). After the final blessing the congregation withdrew.

The books of the Hebrews were written on long strips of parchment, rolled around a cylinder. For each day there were two sections of Scripture: one from the law (parasche), the other from the prophets (haphthare). Since Jesus had been given the book of the prophet Isaiah, one might think that the passage he was about to read was appropriate for that day. If so, this great messianic prophecy, read in public by the One in whom it was fulfilled, would be all the more striking. People have also tried to draw a conclusion about the date of our scene from the fact that this pericope is read in the synagogues today on the Feast of Atonement (September).

The congregation listened standing, facing Jerusalem, and responded with an amen. Then the law was read aloud, by seven members, with verbal commentary. Then an assistant read an excerpt from the prophets and added a few words: he stood to read but sat to speak (verse 20). After the final blessing, the congregation withdrew.

Jesus had probably read not only the passage from the prophecy that Luke mentions, but the whole section in which it appears, or perhaps the whole chapter. And there was already something in the way he read that made the word of God penetrate the hearts of the people. Hence the lively interest with which all waited for his explanation, hence the gazes of all upon him. This scene is so vivid that Luke must have borrowed it from an eyewitness.

Today this word of Scripture is being fulfilled in your ears; it is being fulfilled as you hear it read out by the One who announced the prophecy. It is the same Messiah who speaks both in the book of Isaiah and in the synagogue at Nazareth. There is something solemn in the words: And he began to tell them. This word of Jesus was in fact only the beginning of his speech.

Luke only gives the subject of this discourse, but he gives it clearly enough to let us know that Jesus wanted to prove his divine mission and the characteristics of this mission. In so doing, he put an end to all the carnal ideas that the Jews had about the Messiah, for he announced himself as the merciful Liberator of the poor, the captives, the brokenhearted of humanity.

Deacon Michel Houyoux

Links to other Christian websites

◊ Father Hanly : click here to read the paper →   Homily for 3rd Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year C

◊ Benedictine Abbey : click here to read the paper → Third Sunday In Ordinary Time, Year C

Why eyes were fixed on Jesus

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Publié dans Catéchèse, La messe du dimanche, Page jeunesse, Religion, Temps ordinaire | Pas de Commentaire »

 

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